What Is an IP Address?

Simply put, an IP address (short for Internet Protocol address) is your computer’s unique identifier. Tablets and laptops, additionally to computers, have one. And, almost like a fingerprint, no two IP addresses are an equivalent .

Of course, there are guidelines for such activities, which are set by the web Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). IP addresses are divided into two categories: IP version 4 (IPv4) and IP version 6 (IPv6) (IPv6). the primary was released in January 1983 and remains the foremost famous. for instance , may be a 32-bit number with four octets separated during a so-called “dotted decimal” notation.

With the commercialization of internet access well underway by 1999, it had been feared that IANA would run out of valid IPv4 addresses. As a result, the web Engineering Task Force, a nonprofit standards group headquartered in Fremont, California, established IPv6 as its replacement. 2001:0db8:582:ae33::29 is an example of a 128-bit number represented in hexadecimal strings.